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Crush Tradition! Photograph Things as They Are!

Henri Cartier-Bresson (August 22, 1908 – August 3, 2004) was a French photographer considered to be the father of modern photojournalism. He was an early adopter of 35 mm format, and the master of candid photography. He helped develop the “street photography” or “real life reportage” style that has influenced generations of photographers who followed.

Henri Cartier-Bresson

I got his name from the Lytro Inventor’s light field camera paper yesterday, but I’d saw his photograph long before.

With Google’s search result, I know more about him: “The Decisive Moment” (Images à la sauvette)

In 1952, Cartier-Bresson published his book Images à la sauvette, whose English edition was titled The Decisive Moment. It included a portfolio of 126 of his photos from the East and the West. The book’s cover was drawn by Henri Matisse. For his 4,500-word philosophical preface, Cartier-Bresson took his keynote text from the 17th century Cardinal de Retz: “Il n’y a rien dans ce monde qui n’ait un moment decisif” (“There is nothing in this world that does not have a decisive moment”). Cartier-Bresson applied this to his photographic style. He said: “Photographier: c’est dans un même instant et en une fraction de seconde reconnaître un fait et l’organisation rigoureuse de formes perçues visuellement qui expriment et signifient ce fait” (“Photography is simultaneously and instantaneously the recognition of a fact and the rigorous organization of visually perceived forms that express and signify that fact”)

亨利·卡蒂尔-布雷松(Henri Cartier-Bresson,又译“亨利·卡蒂埃-布列松”,1908年8月22日-2004年8月2日)是法国著名的摄影家,年少时学习绘画,1930年开始加入摄影创作,1931年广泛游历各地,作品也开始在报纸、杂志、书籍上陆续发表。偏爱黑白摄影,喜爱莱卡135旁轴相机与50mm标准镜头,反对裁剪照片与使用闪光灯,认为不应干涉现场光线,被誉为20世纪最伟大的摄影家之一及现代新闻摄影的创立人。他同时也是知名的玛格南图片社创办者。他的”决定性瞬间”摄影理论影响了无数后继的摄影人。

“摄影与绘画不同,”布勒松在1957年接受《华盛顿邮报》采访时说, “拍摄的那一秒是个充满创造力的瞬间,你所构建和表达的是生活本身所提供给你的,并且你必须凭直觉判断何时按下快门。按下快门的那一瞬,便是摄影师所创作的,哦……是的,就是那一瞬!一旦你错过,它将不复存在

对于”决定性瞬间”,日本摄影家木村伊兵卫的注释更简单:“决定性瞬间就是光线、构图与感情相一致的瞬间。”

“对我来讲,照相机就是一本速写簿,一件工具 – 是获取直觉的、自发的和令疑问和决心并存的伟大瞬间的工具。一个人要想把有意义的东西带给世界,他就必须能够与他取景框中的事物灵犀相通。这种方式需要精力集中、头脑有素、反应敏锐和对几何结构有良好感觉。拍摄照片既要认清事实本身,又要赋予它视觉感知形式上的意义。它把人的头脑、眼睛和心灵放在了同一条轴线上。” – 亨利·卡蒂埃-布列松

“打碎陈规,照片中的东西,应该就是它们自己!(Crush tradition! Photograph things as they are!)”

马格南的宗旨是:“触摸时代脉搏(“feel the pulse” of the times)”。

马格南的首批拍摄主题是:“生活在任何地方的人们(People Live Everywhere)”、“世界青年(Youth of the World)”、“世界妇女(Women of the World)”和“儿童一代(The Child Generation)”。

More…

【译言网】 亨利·卡蒂尔-布雷松的经典摄影 【Fondation Henri Cartier-Bresson】 http://www.henricartierbresson.org/

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